. Kukkutika (S). Buddhist sect. Also .
. Kukkutapàdagiri (S). Cock's foot mountain. Also .
. Kukkutàràmà (S). Rooster pagoda.
. Abhinirùpanà-viklpa (S). Fixation of the thought in the discrimination.
. Xem .
Kệ. Gàthà (S). Metrical hymn or chant. Stanza, verse.
. To sing in verse the praise of the object adored.
. Hymn. chant.
Kết, kiết. Samyojana (S) Knot, tie, bond; settle, wind up; to form. The bond of transmigration.
. A binding agreement sealed as a contract, employed by the esoteric sects.
. To form a cause or basis, to form a connection, e.g. for future salvation.
. The company or multitude of those who now become Buddhists in the hope of improved karma in the future.
Kết (kiết) . Padmàsana (S). Cross legged sitting. Sitting in lotus posture.
. Bondage and release; release from bondage.
. Bound by the commandments.
. A fixed place, or territory; a definite area; to fix a place for a monastery, or an altar; a determined number, e.g. for an assembly of monks.
. The river of bondage, i.e. of suffering or illusion.
. Varsà, varsàna (S). Retreat season of monks. The end of the summer retreat.
. Xem .
. The end of a sùtra; also its continuation.
. Bondage and reincarnation because of the passions.
. The karma resulting from the bondage to passions, or delusion.
. Concluding the vows, the last day of an assembly.
. To breed emnity; to contract hatred; to incur hostility.
. To tie and knot.
. The bond of rebirth.
. Samyojana (S). The bondage and instigator of the passions. Fetters.
. Binders and robbers, the passion, or delusion.
. Samgìti (S). The collection and fixing of the Buddhist canon. Council of Buddhist clergy. Synod.
. Agantuklesa (S). External stains.
. Afflictions arising from external stains.
Khai. To open, begin, iinstitute, unfold, disclose; dismiss; write out; unloose.
. To start from the bare ground; to begin the ceremony.
. To open the ambrosial door, i,e. provide for hungry ghosts.
. To lecture, explain at length, expound.
. The Way-opener, Buddha; any one who opens the way, or truth.
. To reveal the Buddha-nature.
. To expound, explain.
. To transform the character by instruction; to teach.
. To perform the ritual before reciting litanies.
. To awaken, arouse, open up the intelligence and cring enlightenment.
. To found a sect or teaching, e.g. as Buddha founded Buddhism; the method of opening, or beginning.
. Introducing the light, the ceremony of "opening the eyes" of an image, i.e. painting or touching in the pupil.
. The hero who is enlightened, or he opens the way of enlightenment, an epithet of the Bodhisattva; also applied to monks.
. To establish a monastery; to found a sect.
. To explain the three vehicles, and reveal the reality of the one method of salvation, as found in the Lotus sùtra.
. To open the heart; to develop the mind; to initiate into truth.
. The founder of a sect, or clan.
. The four reasons for a Buddha's appearing in the world: to open up the treasury of truth; to indicate its meaning; to cause men to apprehend it; and to lead them into it.
Kham. To bear, sustain, be adequate to.
. Sahà (S). To bear patiently endure.
. The stage of endurance, the first of the ten Bodhisattva stages.
. The Sahà world of endurance of suffering; any world of transmigration.
Khan Xem kiên
. Xem .
. Kàmatrsna (S). Sensuous craving.
. Kinnaras (S).
. Bhiksu (S). Mendicant monk, Almsman.
. To beg for food, mendicate.
Khẩu. Mukha (S).The mouth, especially the organ of speech.
. Mouth meditation, i.e. dependance on the leading oơđ others, inability to enter into personal meditation.
. Harmony of mouths or voices unanimous approval.
. Vacì-karma (S). The work of the mouth; karma caused by speech.
. The offering of the praise or worship of the lips.
. Patience of the mouth, uttering no rebuke under insult or persecution.
. Orally transmitted decisions or instructions.
. Oral transmission.
. The four evils of the mouth, lying, double tongue, ill words and exageration.
. The samàdhi in which with a quiet heart the individual repeats the name of Buddha, or the samàdhi attained by such repetition.
. Sùtra (S). Buddhist scriptures. Also kinh, .
. Buddhist sùtras.
. Xem .
Khí. A vessel, utensil, tool.
. Xem .
. The supernatural power of the Buddha to make the material realm.
. The world as a vessel containing countries and peoples; the material world, a realm of things.
. Prasrabhdi (S). Tranquility, calmness, serenity.
. Sudden enlightenment.
Khổ. Dukkha (S). Bitterness; unhappiness, suffering, pain, distress, misery; difficulty.
. The obstruction caused by pain, or suffering.
. The body with its five skandhas.
. The root of misery, i.e. desire.
. Apàya (S). State of suffering.
. The source, root, origin of dukkha.
. Desperate resolution.
. Dukkha-ksaya (S). Extinction of pain or affliction. Suppression, uprooting, cessation of dukkha.
. The causation of dukkha.
. The path of suffering; from illusion arises karma, from karma suffering, from suffering illusion, in a vicious circle.
. Dukkha-àrya-satyam (S). The first of the four noble truths, that of suffering.
. Misery deep as a river.
. The ocean of misery, its limitlessness. : to wallow, drown oneself in the sea of sorrow.
. Duskara-carya (S). Undergoing difficulties, hardships, or sufferings; also Talpas, burning, torment; hence asceticism, religious austerity, mortification.
. Uruvilvà-kàsyapa (S). The forest near Gàya where Sàkyamuni underwent regorous ascetic discipline.
. Dukkha-dukkhatà (S). The pain or painfulness of pain; pain produced by misery or pain; suffering arising from external circumstances, e.g. famine, storm, sickness, torture etc. Suffering sensation caused by bodily pain.
. Misery and unreality, pain and emptiness.
. The wisdom which releases from suffering in all worlds.
. The wheel of suffering, i.e. reincarnation.
. Distress, misery, affliction.
. Soka (S). Misery and trouble; distress, sorrow, grief, annoyance.
. The karma of suffering.
. Bitter words, words of rebuke.
. Dukkha-nidàna (S). The cause, source of pain.
. Dukkha-dharma-jnàna (S). The knowledge of the law of suffering and the way of release.
. Dukkha-dharma-jnàna-ksànti (S).
Khổ phược (phọc) The bond of suffering.
. The physical and mental suffering resulting from evil conduct (chiefly in previous existences)
. Mental anguish; worry, care; annoyance.
Khổ tân, bến khổ. The deep ford or flood of misery which must be crossed in order to reach enlightenment.
. Every cloud has a silver lining.
. Samudaya-arya-satya (S). Arising, coming together, collection, multitude. The second of the four noble truths, that of "accumulation" that misery is intensified by craving or desire and the passions, which are the cause of reincarnation.
Khổ, Tập, Diệt, Đạo. The four noble truths: i.e. dukkha pain; samudaya causes of pain; nirodha the extinguishing of pain and reincarnation; the way to such extinction.
. The limit of suffering, i.e. entrance to nirvana.
(thọ). Dukkha-vedana (S). Sensation ođ pain, suffering, misery.
. The nature of misery; a sorrowful spirit.
. Dukkha-jnàna (S).
. Dukkha-samjnà (S). Perception of the dukkha.
. Xem .
. The net of suffering.
. The region of misery, i.e. every realm of reincarnation.
. Xem .
Không. Sùnya (S). Empty, void, hollow, vacant, non existent. Sùnyatà (S).Vacuity, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, perhaps spirituality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, the seeming giả being unreal.
. Devas dwelling in space, or the heavenly regions, i.e. the devalokas and rùpalokas.
. Akàsa-dhàtu (S). Space, one of the five elements (earth, water, fire, wind, space). Ethereal element.
, . The meditation which dwells on the Void or the Immaterial.
Không, Giả, Trung. Unreality, reality, and the middle or mean doctrine; noumenon, phenomenon, and the principle or absolute which unites both. Không unreality, that things do not exist in reality; Giả reality, that things exist though in "derived" or "borrowed" form, consisting of elements which are permanent; Trung the "middle" doctrine of the Madhyamika school which denies both positions in the interests of the transcendental or absolute. Không dĩ phá , Giả dĩ lập , Trung dĩ diệu . Sùnya (universality) annihilates all relativities, particularity establishes all relativities the middle path transcends and unites all relativities.
. The realm of space.
. The interpretation (or doctrine) of ultimate reality.
. The gate of salvation, or deliverance by the realization of the immaterial, i.e. the ego and things are formed of elements and have no realities in themselves; one of the three deliverances.
. The teaching that all is unreal.
. Gagana (S). Sky.
. Like sky and sea; like space and the ocean for magnitude. Ocean of Emptyness.
. The discipline or practice of the immaterial, or infinite, thus overcoming the illusion that the ego and all phenomene are realities.
. Khapuspa (S). Flowers in the sky, spots before the eyes; muscos volitantes; illusion.
. Unreal and real, non existent and existent, abstract and concrete, negative and positive.
. The heterodox view that karma and nirvàna are not real.
. Kali-yuga (S). Cosmic period of the chaos of the world.
. The sùtras of unreality, or immateriality, i.e. the Prajnàpàramità
. Unreality of unreality.
. The sùnya principle, or law, i.e. the unreality of the ego and phenomena.
. The wheel of space below the water and wind wheels of the world.
. The demons who arouse in the heart the false belief that karma is not real.
. (1)-The teaching which regards everything as unreal, or immaterial. (2)-The school of unreality, one of the four divisions made by . (3)-The teaching of immateriality, the doorto nirvàna, a general name for Buddhism.
. Patience attained by regarding suffering as unreal; one of the .
. Universal emptiness, or space; the samàdhi which removes all limitations of space.
. The Bhùtatathatà in its purity, or absoluteness.
. To regard everything as unreal, i.e. the ego, things, the dynamic, the static. The Nirvàna of Hìnayàna.
. Empty fruit; also fruit of freedom from the illusion that things and the ego are real.
. Meditation on the unreality of the ego and phenomena.
. Formless and with form; noumena and phenomena.
. The one who expounded vacuity or immateriality, i.e. Subhùti, , one of the ten great pupils of Buddha.
. The samàdhi which regards the ego and things as unreal.
. An empty mind, or heart; a mind meditating on the void, or infinite; a mind not entangled in cause and effect, i,e. detached from the phenomenal.
. The region of immateriality, or nirvàna.
. Sùnyatà (S). The nature of the Void, or immaterial, the Bhùtatathatà, the universal substance, which is not ego and things but while not Void is of the Void nature.
. Immaterial; a condition beyond disturbance, the condition of nirvàna.
. The Sùnya sects, i.e. those which make the unreality of the ego and things their fundamental tenet.
. Sùnya as sub-material, ghostly, or spiritual, as having diaphanous form, a non-Buddhist view of the immaterial as an entity, hence the false view of a soul or ego that is real.
Không tue�. The wisdom which beholds spiritual truth.
. The immaterial is the material, sùnya is rùpa.
. Voidness, emptiness, space, the immaterial, that which cannot be expressed in terms of the material.
. Thinking of immateriality. Also, vainly thinking. or desiring.
. Unreality, or immateriality, of things, which is defined as nothing existing of independent or self-contained nature.
. Akàsànantàyatana (S). Sphere of the infinity of space.
nga. Unreal and without ego.
Không, , .
. The king of immateriality, or spirituality, Buddha which is lord of all things.
. Dharma-gahanàbhyudgata-ràja (S). A Buddha who is said to have taught absolute intelligence, or knowledge of the absolute.
, . Akàsànantyàyatana (S). The abode of infinite space the formless, or immaterial world. . the dhyàna, or meditation connected with the above, in which all thought of form is suppressed.
. Maurya (S). Name of a dynasty.
Khởi. Utpàda (S). To rise, raise, start, begin; uprising.
. Rise and extinction, birth and death, beginning and end.
. To resurrect a corpse by demoniacal influence and cause it to kill another person.
. The uprise or awakening of faith.
. Sraddhotpàda-sàstra (S). Treatise on Awakening of the Faith.
. Two characteristics of mind in the Sraddhotpàda-sàstra, as eternal and phenominal.
. To raise the newly died to slay an enemy.
Khuyến. To exhort, persuade, admonish.
. The second, or exhortation turn of the Buddha's wheel.
. To exhort to conversion, to convert.
. The method of exhortation or persuation, in contrast with prohibition and command.
. Veyyàkarana (P). One who knows grammar or how to explain.
, Kì bạt, . Jìvaka (S).
. Jivakàràma (S)
. Geya (S). Singing; preceding prose repeated in verse; odes in honour of the saints.
. Jetavana-vihara (S). Xem .
, Thắng. Jina (S). The Victorious, The Triumphant of Desires.
. Jaina, Nirgranta (S). Jainism.
. . Jetavana (S). A park near Sràvasti, said to have been obtained from prince Jeta by the elder Anàthapindika, in which monasterial buildings were erected, the favorite resort of Sakyàmuni.
. Grdhrakùta (S). Vulture peak mount.
. Kàmachanda (S). Excitement of sensual pleasure.
. Chanda (S). Impulse, Excitement.
. Prajnàkhadga (S). Sword of wisdom.
Kiên, khan. Matsara, lobha (S). Grudging, sparing, stingy, avaricious.
, bỏn sẻn.
. A grudging, mean heart.
. Grudging and greed.
Kiên. Drdha, sthìra (S). Firm, fimly fixed, reliable.
. Firm and sure.
. The grove of Sàla trees, in which Sàkyamuni died.
. Strong in wisdom.
. Firm-willed, name of a Bodhisattva in the Garbhadhàtu.
. Kimnara (S). Human head bird.
. Kalànusàrin (S). Very precious sandalwood.
(tuệ). Sthiramati (S). Of firm mind, or wisdom. An early Indian monk of the Mahàyàna.
. Firm and stable; that which is stable, the earth.
. The earth-goddess, or deity, or spirits.
. Dhrtiparipùrna (S). The firm and complete Bodhisattva.
. Firm knowledge or wisdom; a name of vajrapàni.
Kiến. Darsana, Disti (S). Seeing, discerning, judgement, views, opinions. Sight, intuition.
. Views and desires, e.g. the illusion that the ego is a reality and the consequent desires and passions; the two are the root of all suffering.
. Visibility (or perceptibility) as one of the seven elements of the universe.
. The way or stage of beholding the truth (of no reincarnation), i.e. that of the sràvaka and the first stage of the bodhisattva. The second stage is cultivating the truth; the third completely comprehending the truth without further study.
. The stage of insight, or discernment of reality, the fourth of the ten stages of progress toward Buddhahood, agreeing with the of Hìnayàna.
. To see things upside down; to regard illusion as reality.
. The poison of wrong views.
. Wrong views.
. The bond of heterodox views.
. Prabhedapracàra (S). Individualizing side of the existence.
. Pratisthàpikabuddhi (S).
. Sarvarthadaria-Buddha (S)
. The part of drsti or subjective perception.
. Beholding Buddha; to see Buddha. Hìnayàna sees only the nirmànakàya or body of incarnation, Mahàyàna sees the spiritual body, or body in bliss, the sambhogakàya.
. The visible and invisible; phenomenal and noumenal.
. The bond of the illusion of heterodox opinions, i.e. of mistaking the seeming for the real which binds men and robs them of freedon.
. Clinging to heterodox views.
. Drstiparàmarsa (S). To hold heterodox doctrines and be obsessed with the sense of the self.
. To behold the Buddha-nature within oneself, a common saying of the Thiền or Intuitive school.
. Drsti-kasàya (S). Wrong view. Corruption of doctrinal views.
. The wisdom of right views, arising from dhyàna meditation.
. Views and thoughts, in general tư, illusory or misleading views and thoughts; kiến refers partly to the visible world, but also to views derived therefrom, e.g. the ego, with the consequent illusion; tư to the mental and moral world also with its illusion.
. Seeing and hearing, i.e. beholding Buddha with the eyes and hearing his truth with the ears.
. The net of heterodox views, or doctrines.
. The state of wrong views, i.e. the state of transmigration, because wrong views give rise to it, or maintain it.
Kiền. A gelded bull, an ox; a creature half man half leopard.
. An eunuch by castration.
. A kind of demon.
. Gandharvas (S). Xem .
. Càn độ. Khanda (S). A piece, fragment, portion, section, chapter; the rules, monastic rules; also used for skhanda.
. Kanthaka (S). Name of the steed on which Sàkyamuni rode away from home.
. Ghantà (S). Small bell.
Kiện. Sturdy, strong, hard, bold; unwearied.
. The heroic posture of the Buddha, with his feet and his thighs soles upward.
. Gandhàra (S). Name of place.
. Ghana (S) A mass; a hard, solid lump, the human embryo formed from the fourth to the seventh day.
. Virati (S). Abstinence.
Kiếp. Kàlpa (S). A kalpa, aeon, age, world cycle.
. Kàlpa (S). Aeon, age. The period of time between the creation and recreation of a world or universe; also "the kalpas of formation thành existence trụ, destruction hoại, and non-existence không, which four as a complete period are called mahàkàlpa . Each great kàlpa is subdivided into four asankhyeya-kàlpa , numberless, incalculable: (1)-kàlpa of destruction, samvarta, ; (2)-kàlpa of utter annihilation, or empty kàlpa, samvarta-siddha ; (3)-kàlpa of formation, vivarta, ; (4)-kàlpa of existence, vivarta-siddha, . Each of the four kàlpas is subdivided into twenty antara-kàlpas, , or small kàlpas. Each small kàlpa is divided into a period of increase tăng and decrease giảm.
. Kalpataru (S). A tree in Indra's garden bearing fruit according to the seasons.
. The ocean of kalpa, i.e. their great number.
. The fire in the kalpa of destruction.
. The wind in the kalpa of destruction.
. Ephemeral life.
. Next life; state after death.
. The beginning of the kalpa of formation; the kalpa of formation.
. The calamity of fire, wind, and water during the kalpa of destruction.
. Kapphina (S).
. Xem .
. Xem .
. The flood in the kalpa of destruction.
. Kalpa-kasàya (S). The impure, or turbid kalpa, when the age of life is decreasing and all kind of diseases afflict men
. Xem .
. Sitting in lotus posture, cross-legged.
. Xem .
, . Karmadana (S).
. Xem .
. Xem .
Kiêu. Boastful, bragging; self-indulgent; indulgent.
. Màna (S). Pride. Also kiêu, , mạn.
. The pit of pride and arrogance.
. Arrogance and pride.
. Gautami (S). The aunt of the Buddha.
Kiều , . Gautama (S), Gotama (P).
. Kosala (S). Name of place. Also Câu thất la.
, . Kausika (S). Family name of Indra.
. Kausambi (S). Name of a city in India.
, A nhã. Kaundinya Ajnàta (S). One of the five first disciples of Buddha.
Kim. Hiranya (S). Gold, any precious metal, semen. Kim means metal, gold, money.
. Vajra (S). The thunderbolt of Indra, often called the diamond club. The diamond, synonym of hardness, indestructibility, power, the least frangible of minerals. , , chùy . Vajra (S). Diamond mace. . Vajrapàni CS). God holding a vajra, protector of the Law.
. Vajra-prajna-paramita sùtra (S).
. The diamond indestructible body, the Buddha.
. The Diamond treasury, i.e. nirvàna and the pure bodhi-mind, as the source of the mind of all sentient beings.
. Vajra-bodhisattvas (S).
. The various groups in the two mandalas, each having a chủ or head.
. Vajrayaksa (S). One of the five vidyàràja, fierce guardian of the north in the region of Amoghasiddhi, or Sàkyamuni, also styled the Bodhisattva with the fangs.
. Vajravimbopana-samàdhi (S). A mode of samàdhi.
. The diamond apex or crown, a general name of the esoteric doctrines and sùtras of Vairocana. is the authority for the tông.
. Vajrasamàdhi (S). Diamond meditation, that of the last stage of a Bodhisattva, characterized by firm, indestructible knowledge, penetrating all reality: attained after all remains of illusion have been cut off.
. Vajrakumàra (S). , a vajra messenger of the Buddhas or bodhisattvas; also an incarnation of Amitàbha in the form of a youth with fierce looks holding a vajra.
. Vajradhàtu (S). The diamond, or vajra, element of the universe; it is the trí, wisdom, of Vairocana in its indestructibility and activity; it arises from the Garbhadhàtu, , the womb or store of the Vairocana lý, reason or principles, of such wisdom. Sphere of the indestructible mind.
. Vajra-prajna-paramita sùtra. (S). Diamond sutra.
. Diamond-mouth, that of Buddha.
. The diamond or vajra wheel, symbol of the esoteric sects.
. Vajra-power, irresistible strength.
. Xem .
. Vajrapàni (S). The deva-guardians of the secrets of Vairocana, his inner or personal group of guardians, in contrast with the outer or major group of , , etc.
. The palace or shrine of the Vairocana in the Garbhadhàtu.
. Vajra-Buddha, Vairocana (S). Sun-Budda, Đại nhật.
. Vajrasekharavimàna sarva yogayogi sùtra (S). Sùtra. Also du kì kinh.
. The diamond insight or vision which penetrates into reality.
. Vajra-fist, the hands doubled together on the breast.
. Vajraksetra (S). A Buddhist monastery.
. Xem .
. Vajragarbha-Bodhisattva (S). The bodhisattva in the Lankàvatàra-sùtra
. Vajrasattva (S). Another name of Samantabhadra Bodhisattva according to Tantrism. Also .
. Diamond heart, that of the Bodhisattva, i.e. infrangible, unmoved by illusion.
. The diamond body, the indestructible body of Buddha.
. Vajradhàra, Vajrapàni (S). The guardian spirit of the Buddhist order; the large idols at the entrance of Buddhist monastery. Also , .
. The diamond body, that of Buddha, and his merits.
. The vajra-devas twenty in number in the Vajradhàtu group.
. Vajrapàni (S). A holder of the vajra, a protector, any image with this symbol. bộ, group of the same in the kim and thai mandalas. , Vajrapàni-Bodhisattva, especially Samantabhadra.
. Bhùtadàmara tantra (S). Sùtra.
. Diamond or vajra water, drunk by a prince on investiture, or by a person who receives the esoteric baptismal rite.
(Thặng). Vajrayàna (S). The diamond vehicle, another name of .
tòa (sàng). Vajràsana, Bodhimanda (S). Buddha's seat on attaining enlightenment, the diamond throne. Also a posture or manner of sitting.
. Xem tòa.
. Vajramati (S). The indestructible and enriching diamond wisdom of the Buddha.
. Vajrabodhi (S). Name. Also .
. Diamond wisdom, which by its reality overcomes all illusory knowledge.
. Rudràksa (S). A seed similar to a peach-stone used for beads, especially in invoking one of the ; also a vajra-son.
. The vajra-king. i.e. the strongest, or finest, e.g. a powerful bull.
. A Buddhist monastery.
. The golden cock (or fowl) with a grain of millet in its beak, a name for Bodhidharma.
. The golden mouth of the Buddha, a reference inter alia to the diamond like firmness of his doctrine.
. The metal circle on which the earth rests, above the water circle which is above the wind (or air) circle which rests on space.
. The lion with golden hair on which Manjusri rides; also a previous incarnation of Buddha.
. Golden words, i.e. those of Buddha.
. Buddha; an image of Buddha of metal, or gold.
. Golden light.
. Suvarnaprabhàsa-sùtra (S)
. A golden pagoda; the nine golden circles on top of a pagoda.
. Golden coloured.
. Name for Mahàkàsyapa, as he is said to have, , swallowed light, hence his golden hue.
. The golden-hued peacock king, protector of travellers, in the retenue of the 1,000 hands .
. The golden-hued heaven of Manjusri.
. Metal or golden mountain, i.e. Buddha, or the Buddha's body.
. Garuda, garula (S). The king of birds with golden wings, companion of Vishnu. Also , .
. Golden-treasury, i.e. the Buddha-nature in all the living.
. The first golden-treasury cloud when a new world is completed, arising in the àbhàsvara heaven and bringing the first rain.
. Golden rsi, or immortal, i.e. Buddha; also Taoist genii.
. The golden body, that of Buddha.
. Golden water, i.e. wisdom.
, , Thể vóc màu , như .
Kinh. Sùtra (S), Sutta (P). Threads, threaded together, classical works; canons; scriptural text; scripture.
. Sautràntika (S). Buddhist sect. Also , .
. Nikàya (P). The Pali canon.
. The discourses of Buddha, the sùtra-pitaka.
. One who collected or collects the sùtras, especially Ananda, who according to tradition recorded the first Buddhist sùtras.
. The teaching of the sùtras.
. Sùtras and commandments; the sùtras and morality, or discipline. The commandments found in the sùtras. The commandments regarded as permanent and fundamental.
. Uttrasita (S). Fearful, fright.
. Cankramana (S). To walk about when meditating to prevent sleepiness. To meditate in walking.
. Sùtras, Vinaya, Abhidharma sàstras, the three divisions of the Buddhist canon.
. Sautràntika, an important Hìnayàna school, which based its doctrine on the sùtras alone.
. The doctrines of the sùtras as spoken by the Buddha.
. A teacher of the sùtras, or canon in general.
. The sùtra-pitaka. Baskket of sùtras.
. Suttantika (P). Master of the Sutta-pitaka.
. A copier of classical works.
. The sùtra school, any school which bases its doctrines on the sùtras, e.g. , or , in contrast to schools based on the sastras, luận, or philosophical discourses.
Kính. Reverence, respect.
. Reverence and love.
. The field of reverence, i.e. worship and support of the Buddha, Dharma, and Samgha as a means to obtain blessings.
. Vandanì (S). Paying reverence, worship.
, Ngài là bậc , . Namo tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammà Sambuddhasa (S). Formula of homage to the Buddha.
. Gurùdharma (S). Eight rules of the respect. Also , .
. Pùjya (S). Honoured.