Đa. Bahu, bhùri (S). Many, all.
. Prabhùtaratna-Buddha (S). : abundant treasures, many jewels.
. Tàla (S). Fan-palm tree.
. Tamalapattra and Chandana fragrance.
. Wealthy ghosts.
. Bahu-sruta (S). Learned: one who has heard much.
. The chief among the Buddha's hearers, Ananda.
. Dharani, mantra, magical words.
Đại. Mahà (S). Great, large, big, all-pervading, all-embracing; numerous đa; surpassing thắng; mysterious diệu; beyond comprehension ; omnipresent . The elements, or essential things, i.e. (a) the three all-pervasive qualities of the : its thể substance, tướng form, dụng functions; (b) the four elements: đất earth, nước water, gió air or wind, lửa fire; (c) the seven elements: 1-Địa earth; 2-Thủy water; 3-Hỏa fire; 4-Phong air or wind; 5-Không space; 6-Kiến perception; 7-Thức mind or consciousness.
. Very cruel; monstruous.
, . Great bounty, or favour; the leading virtues.
. Great magician, a title given to a Buddha. Four fundamentals, i.e , , , .
. The great Bràhmana, applied to the Buddha, who though not of Brahman caste was the embodiment of Brahman virtues.
. The great, chief or fundamental book or text. sect takes the as the major of the three Pure-land sùtras and the as minor text.
. Amitabha-Vyùha-Sùtra (S)
. Ratnakùta-sùtra (S) Great Jewelled accumulation sùtra.
. Mahàparinirvàna-sùtra (S). Sùtra of the Great Decease.
. Mahàkarunà (S). Great pity, great mercy, great compassion.
. The samàdhi of great compassion, in which Buddha and bodhisattvas develop their great pity.
. Mahà Katyàyana (S).
. Mahà Kasyapa (S)
. High aims; elevated mind.
. Mahà-Cundi (S). A form of .
. Mahàsangha (S) The great assembly, any assembly, all present, everybody.
. Mahàsanghika (S) The school of the community, or majority; one of the chief early divisions. , Mahàsthaviràh, the elders sect.
. Great blazing shoulders Buddha.
. The great way, Buddhism.
. One who has the mind of or for supreme enlightenment.
. Nayaka (S). The great guide, teacher, leader, i.e Buddha or a bodhisattva.
. Sthavira (S). A chief disciple, the Fathers of the Buddhist Church; an elder; an abbot.
. Great earth, the whole earth, everywhere, all the land.
. Great ceremonial charter; great code; great favour.
. Great insight, great wisdom, great pity, the three virtues of a Buddha.
. Great leader across mortality to nirvana, i.e. Buddha or a bodhisattva.
. Bhandanta (S). Daitoku (J). Most virtuous, reverend, title of honour applied to monks.
. The supreme bodhi, or enlightenment, and the enlightenment power of a Buddha.
. The complete commandments of Hinayàna and Mahàyàna, especially of the latter.
. The area of a vihàra or a monastic establishment. : four characters often placed on the boundary stones of monasterial grounds.
. The great ocean congregation; as all the waters flowing into the sea become salty, so all ranks flowing into the sangha become of one flavour and lose old differentiations.
. Great rejoicing.
. The transforming teaching and work of a Buddha in one life time.
. Great monk, senior monk, abbot; a monk of great virtue and old age
. Great calamity, catastrophe.
. A general assembly, general meeting; congress.
. Great blessing, divine blessing.
. Deluge, flood.
( ). Mahàmati (S). Great wisdom, the leading bodhisattva of the Lankàvatàra-sùtra.
. The great wisdom sword.
. Great hero, a Buddha's title indicating his power over demons.
. Mahàraurava (S). The hell of great wailing.
. Great suffering.
. The great void, or the Mahàyàna parinirvàna, as being more complete and final than the nirvàna ođ Hinayàna.
. The mayùra, or "peacock".
. Mahàkalpa (S). The great cosmic era of the world, from the beginning of a universe till it is destroyed and another begins in its place. It has four kalpas or periods known as vivarta , the creation period; vivarta siddha , period of life; samvarta , destruction period; samvartatthàhi , total destruction period
. Great joy.
. The great dream, the dream of life, this life, the world.
. Mahàmaudgalyàyana (S)
. The greater self, or the true personality . Hinayàna is accused of only knowing and denying the common idea of a self, or soul, whereas there is a greater self, which is a nirvàna self. It especially refers to the Great Ego, the Buddha, but also to any Buddha.
. The great vow to save all the living and bring them to buddhahood
. Saha (S) The great realm to learn patience.
. The great all-embracing receiver - a title of a Buddha, especially Amitàbha.
. Vairocana, Mahàvairocana (S). The sun, shining everywhere. Great Sun Buddha.
. Mahàtejas (S). Of awe-inspiring power, or virtue, able to suppress evil-doers and protect the good.
. Mahàbrahmànas (S). The third Brahmaloka, the third region of the first dhyàna.
. The larger, or fuller edition of a canonical work, especially of the text.
. The great Dharma, or Law (of Mahàyàna salvation).
. Intellectual pride, arrogance through possession of the Truth.
. The six things or mental conditions producing passion and delusion: stupidity, excess, laziness, unbelief, confusion, discontent (or ambition) theo .
. Great storm, third of three destructive calamities to end the world.
. Mahàvaipulya (S). Sùtras of Mahàyàna. and are similar in meaning. Quảng broad, widespread; phương levelled up, equal, everywhere, universal. The Vaipulya works are styled sùtras, for the broad doctrine of universalism.
. Mahopàya (S). The great appropriate means, or expedient method of teaching by buddhas and bodhisattvas,
. The greater baptism, used in special occasions by sect, for washing away sin and evil and entering into virtue.
. Mahàsramana (S). The great shaman, i.e. Buddha; also any bhiksu in full orders.
. Mahàsattva (S). A great being, noble, a leader of men, a bodhisattva.
. The great teacher, or leader, one of the ten titles of Buddha.
. For the sake of great cause, or because of a great matter the Buddha appeared.
. Great! The robe of deliverance - verses in pray of the cassock, from the luận, sung on initiation into the order.
. A fully ordained monk.
. Great or firm faith in, or surrender to Buddha, especially to Amitabha.
. The great mind and power, or wisdom and activity of Buddha.
. The great sage or saint.
. Mahàsambhava (S). Great completion. The imaginary realm in which (in turn) appeared 20,000 kotis of Buddhas, all of the same title, Bhismagarjita-ghosasvararàja.
. Supernatural or magical powers.
( ). Mahàsthàma, Mahàsthàmapràpta (S). A Bodhisattva representing the Buddha-wisdom of Amitàbha; he is on Amitàbha's right.
. Mahà-danapati (S). Great almsgiver.
. Moksa-mahà-parisad (S). A great gathering for almsgiving to all, rich and poor.
. A major chiliocosm, or universe, of 3,000 great chiliocosms.
(sơn). Mahàcakravàla (S). The great circular "iron" enclosure; the higher of the double circle of mountains forming the outer periphery of every world, concentric to the seven circles around Sumeru.
. Mahàpralaya (S). The final and utter destruction of a universe by (wind), fllood and fire.
, thặng. Mahàyana (S). The greater vehicle; the great conveyance, wain. It indicates Universlism, or Salvation for all.
. The commands, precepts, or prohibitions for bodhisattvas and monks.
. Mahàyàna-sraddhotpàda-sastra (S). attributed to Avaghosa . It is described as the foundation work of the Mahàyàna.
. Mahàyàna-sutras (S). The sùtra-pitaka, discourses ascribed to the Buddha. These are divided into five classes corresponding to the Mahàyàna theory of the Buddha's life: 1-Avatamsaka ; 2-Vaipulya ; 3-Pràjna ; 4-Saddharma Pundarika ; Mahàparinirvàna .
. The sùtras and scriptures of the Mahàyàna, their doctrines being phương chính square and correct and for all equally, or universal.
. The school of Mahàyàna, attributed to the rise in India of the Màdhyamika, i.e. the or school ascribed to Nagarjuna, and the Yoga or Dharmalaksana school, the other school is the Hinayàna.
. The mind or heart of the Mahàyàna; seeking the mind of Buddha by means of Mahàyàna.
. Mahàyàna-sùtra-lankàra-tikà (S). An exposition of the teachings of the Vijnàna-vàda school by Asanga .
. The supreme Mahàyàna truth.
. Mahàmati (S). Great wisdom; omniscience; a title of Manjusri, as the apotheosis of transcendental wisdom.
. Mahàprajnàparamita padesa sastra (S).Treatise on the Transcendental Wisdom.
. A hero; virtuous man; man with a sense of dignity.
. Great blazing shoulder s Buddha.
. Great brightness Buddha.
. Great light Buddha.
. Great Sumeru Buddha.
. Great loving-kindness.
. Great perfect mirror wisdom.
. Great and perfect enlightenment, Buddha-wisdom.
. Amitabha-Vyùha-Sùtra (S).
. Great Lord of Healing, an epithet of Buddha and bodhisattvas.
. The general meaning, or summary of a sùtra or sastra.
Đàn. Dàna (S). A giver, donation, charity, almsgiving, bestowing.
. Dànapati (S). Lord of charity, a patron.
. To give, donate, bestow, charity, alms.
. The faith of an almsgiver; almsgiving and faith.
. Almsgiving, bestowing, charity.
. Dànapati (S). An almsgiver, a patron.
. To snap the finger - in assent, in joy, in warning; a measure of time equal to twenty winks.
. The gati or path of rebirth as an animal so called because animals are subjects of the butcher's knife.
. Trayastrimsàs (S). The heavens of the thirty three devas.
. The wind that cuts all living to pieces, at the approach of a world kalpa's end, also described as the disintegrating force at death.
. The hill of swords.
. Paramita (S). To reach the other shore. i.e. nirvàna.
. At the end, when the end is reached.
Đảo. To turn over; to fall, lie down; to pour; upside down; inverted, perverted; on the contrary.
. On the wrong side. Làm , to upset; to throw into confusion.
. Hanging upside down.
. Upside down or inverted views, seeing things as they seem, not as they are, e.g. the impermanent as permanent, misery as joy, non ego as ego, and impurity as purity.
. The conventional ego, the reverse of reality.
. Perverted folk, the unenlightened who see things upside down.
. Upside down preaching.
. To think on the wrong side.
Đạo. Màrga (S).A way, road; the right path; principle; Truth, Reason, Logos, Cosmic energy; to lead; to say. Religion.
. The fundamentals of morality; predisposition to virtue, to a religious life.
. Whatever is prohibited by the religion, or the religious life.
. Those who practise religion, the body of monks.
. The nature possessing the seed of Buddhahood. The stage in which the middle way is realized.
. The implements of the faith, such as garments, begging-bowl, and other accessories which aid one in the way.
. To lead, to guide
. Màrga-àrya-satya (S). The noble path of the liberation.
. Religion and virtue; the power of religion.
. Mutual interaction between the individual seeking the truth and Buddha who responds to his aspiration; mutual intercourse through religion.
. Taoism. The teaching of the right way, i.e. of Buddhism.
. Conduct according to Buddha-truth; great virtue; righteous, chaste.
. The literary name of a monk.
. To transform others through the truth of Buddhism; converted by the Truth.
. Avuso (P). Brethen. Co-religion.
. A vessel of religion, the capacity for Buddhism.
. The breath, or vital energy, of the Way, i.e. of Buddhism religion.
. The restraints, or control, of religion.
. The joy of religion.
. Moral philosophy, the right way to be human.
. The power which comes from enlightenment, or the right doctrine.
. The stream of Truth; the flow or progress of Buddha-truth; the spread of a particular movement, e.g. .
. Truth, doctrine, principle; the principles of Buddhism, Taoism etc.
. The gate of the Way, or the truth, religion etc.; the various schools of Buddhism.
. The karma of religion which leads to Buddhahood.
. The beginning of right doctrine, i.e. faith.
. The sprouts, or seddlings, of Buddha-truth.
. The eye attained through the cultivation of Buddha-truth; insight into truth; keen vision of right.
. One who has entered the way, one who seeks enlightenment, a general name for early Buddhists and also for Taoists.
. Màrga-dharma (S). Teachings, dogma, tenet.
. Màrga-dharma jnàna (S). The wisdom which rids one of false views in regard to màrga.
. Religious or monastic grade, or grades.
. The result of the Buddha-way, i.e. nirvàna.
. The light of Buddha-truth.
. A Taoist (hermit), also applied to Buddhists, and to Sàkyamuni.
. Master, leader, guide.
. Màrga-citta (S). The mind which is bent on the right way, which seeks enlightenment. The path of the heart; religious faith.
. The embodiment of truth, the fundament of religion.
. The bodhi-tree, under which Buddha attained enlightenment; also as a synonym of Buddhism with its power of growth and fruitfulness.
. The methods, or arts, of the Buddhist religion.
. The water of Truth which washes away defilement.
, tràng. Truth-plot. Bodhimandala (S). Magical circle, place of enlightenment. : the place where Buddha attained enlightenment. A place, or method, for attaining to Buddha-truth. An object of or place for religious offerings. A place for teaching, learning or practising religion.
. Monks and laymen.
. The stages in the attainment of Buddha-truth.
. The flavour of religion.
Đạo, du đạo. Robber, thief, burglar; pirate, bandit, brigand.
. Dharma (S), Dhamma (P)
. Dharma Buddha.
Đắc. Pràp; pràpta (S). To get, obtain, attain to.
. To realize one's wishes; to attain one's aim.
( ). Mahàsthamàpràpta (S). He who has obtained great power, or stability, who sits on the right of Amitàbha, controlling all wisdom.
. To obtain the way, or the religion; to reach perfection, enlightenment.
. To obtain transport across the river of transmigration, to obtain salvation; to enter the monastic life.
. To obtain precepts; to attain to the understanding and performance of the moral law.
. To attain entry, e.g. to Buddha-truth.
. To have got the way of doing (sth)
. To obtain the fruit of deeds or life.
. To obtain the victory; to win.
. Success and failure; gain and loss.
. To obtain one's desires, or aims; to obtain the meaning (of a sùtra).
Đẳng. To pair; parallel, equal, of like order; a class, grade, rank; common. In Buddhist writings it is also used for "equal everywhere","universal".
. Samyak-sambodhi (S). Complete perfect knowledge; Buddha knowledge omniscience; the bodhi of all Buddhas.
. The two supreme forms of Buddha enlightenment and . A Buddha is known as king of universal and supernatural illumination.
. Samyak-sambodhi (S). Absolute universal enlightenment.
. Samjiv (S). Revive, re-animate; ressurection.
. The first of the eight hot hells, in which the denizens are chopped, stabbed, ground, and pounded, but by a cool wind are brought back to life, to undergo renewed torment.
. Nisyanda (S) Flowing down, flowing out.
. Fruit of the development of germ.
. The universal vows common to Buddhas.
. The highest class great cart, i.e. universal salvation.
. The beholding of all things as equal, e.g. as không unreal or immaterial; or all beings without distinction.
. Equal mind; of the same mental characteristics; the universal mind common to all.
. Common knowledge, which only knows phenomena.
. Universal or equal mercy toward all beings without distinction.
. Uninterrupted continuity, especially of thought or time.
. Tushita (S).
. Dhudanga (P).
Đế. Satya (S). A truth, a dogma, an axiom. True, real.
. Indra, Sakra (S). Mighty lord of deva. Vedic god.
. The vase of Indra from which came all things he needed.
. Indra-jàla (S). The net of Indra, hanging in Indra's hall, out of which all things can be produced.
. Dèva, Dèvi (S). Heavenly being, god.
. A milk product.
Đệ. Number, degree, sign of the ordinals; only.
. The first and supreme letter, a, the alpha of all wisdom.
. The first power of change, Àlaya-vijnàna, .
. The supreme or fundamental meaning, the supreme reality. i.e. enlightenment.
. The highest Siddhànta, or Truth, the highest universal gift of Buddha, his teaching which awakens the highest capacity in all beings to attain salvation.
. The supreme truth, or reality, in contrast with the seeming; also called Veritable truth, sage-truth, surpassing truth, nirvàna; bhùtatathatà, madhya, sùnyatà etc.
. The highest Void, or reality, the Mahàyàna nirvàna.
. The highest bliss. i.e. nirvàna.
. The highest meditation of that on trung the Mean.
. The highest knowledge orwisdom.
. The first dhyàna.
. The supreme vehicle, Mahàyàna.
. The second dhyàna, a degree of contemplation where reasoning gives way to intuition.
. The second power of change, the klistamano-vijnàna, disturbed-mind, consciousness or self-consciousness which gives form to the universe.
. The third power of change, i.e. the sixth senses. nghĩa giống như thức vijnànas.
. The third dhyàna, a degree of contemplation in which ectasy gives way to serenity.
. The fourth dhyàna, a degree of contemplation when the mind becomes indifferent to pleasure and pain.
Địa. Bhùmi (S). Earth, place, situation; spiritual rank, position, or character attained by a Bodhisattva.
. Bhauma (S). Living on earth. ( Antarikravavasina, living in the air)
. Indra's heaven on the top of Sumeru, below the heavens in space.
. Earth as one of the four elements (earth, water, fire, air)
. The earth shaken, one of the signs of Buddha-power.
. Naraka (S) Earth-prison, hell or hells.
. Ksitigarbha (S), Ti-tsang (C), Jisò (J). Earth-store, Earth-treasury or Earth-womb Bodhisattva.
. The stage of a Bodhisattva before the initial stage.
. On the ground; above the ground; used for the stages above the initial stage of a Bodhisattva's development.
. Position, place, state.
Điên. Overturn, upset, upside down.
. Viparyaya (S), Error; upside down, inverted; contrary to reality.
. Upside down and delusive ideas.
Điện. Caitya (S). A temple, hall, palace.
, điện từ. The warden of a temple.
Điều. To harmonize, blend; regulate, control; to change about.
. To arrange, calculate, manipulate.
. To tame and control as a master does a wild elephant or horse, or as the Buddha brings the passions of men under control.
. Purusa-damya-sàrathi (S). Taming hero.
. To discipline, bring under control.
Định. Samàdhi (S). Abstract meditation, the mind fixed in one direction or, field 1-Tán định, scattered or general meditation (in the world of desire); 2-Thiền định, abstract meditation (in the realm of form and beyond form). Concentration, mental concentration, one pointedness of mind.
. Samàdhìndriya (S). Mediatation as the root of all virtue. Faculty of concentration.
. Spiritual formation.
. Lawfulness of karma.
. Samàdhibala (S). The power of abstract or ecstatic meditation, ability to overcome all disturbing thoughts.
. Determined period of life, fate.
. Fixed karma, rebirth determined by the good or bad actions of the past. Also, the work of meditation and its result.
. A settled, or a wandering mind; the mind organized by meditation or disorganized by distraction
. One of the .
Đỉnh, đảnh. Top of the head, crown, summit, apex, zenith; highest; to rise;
. To prostrate oneself with the head at the feet of the one reverenced.
. The protuberance on the Buddha's brow, one of the thirty two marks of a Buddha.
. Like a heavy stone on the head, to be got rid of with speed, e.g. transmigration.
Đọa. To fall down, to sink, to let fall, to destroy, to ruin.
. To sink, to fall into decay.
Đoạn. Uccheda (S). To cut off, end, get rid of, cause to cease.
. To cut off evil, or wickedness.
. The heterodox teaching which denies the law of cause and effect, i.e. of karma; annihilation, cutting off.
. The stage in development when illusion is cut off.
. The "lop off the head" sins, i.e. adultery, stealing, lying, sins which entail immediate exclusion from the order.
. Ucchedadarsana (S). The view that death ends life, in contrast with that body and soul are eternal, both views being heterodox; also world-extinction and the end of causation; annihilation view.
. Upacchedaka-kamma (P). Destructive karma.
. To cut off and overcome.
. To go out of mourning.
Độ. Pàramità (S) To pass; to cross over; to ford. To ferry over, to save
. To save, rescue all beings.
. To save others.
. To subsist.
. To save the world; to relieve human sufferings. To get through life; to pass safely through this life.
. To give release from the wheel of transmigration; enlightenmebt.
Độc. Toxic; poisonous; spiteful, malignant, virulent; wicked. Lời độc: spite, malice, virulence. Miệng lưỡi độc: spiteful, virulent tongue. Ma thiêng nước độc: insalubrious, unhealthy (climate).
. Vihimsati (S). To hurt, to injure;
. Hơi độc. Poisonous gas.
. . Poisonous, wicked dragon.
. Mũi tên độc. Poisoned arrow.
. Cây độc. Poisonous tree.
. . Poisonous, venomous serpent.
. Pratyeka-Buddha (S). Solitary Enlightened One.
Đốn. At one time, at once; suddenly, immediate; used chiefly in contrast with tiệm gradually.
. The will, or aim, of immediate attainment.
. To cut off at one stroke all the passions,etc.
. Immediate apprehension, or enlightenment as opposed to gradual development.
. The doctrine that enlightenment or Buddhahood may be attained at once; also immediate teaching of the higher truth without preliminary stages.
. Insatantly to apprehend, or attain to Buddha-enlightenment.
. A Bodhisattva who attains immediately without passing through the various stages.
. The method of immediacy
. The immediate fulfilment of all acts, processes or disciplines (by the fulfilment of one)
. Immediate, or sudden, attainment in contrast with gradualness.
. The immediate and complete way of enlightenment of school.
Độn. Dull, blunt, stupid.
. Of dull capacity, unable to receive Buddha-truth.
. The five envoys of stupidity.
Đông. Pùrva (S). East.
Đông. Hima (S). Winter. : the winter retreat.
. The eastern land, i.e. China.
. The eastern esoteric or Shingon sect of Japan in contrast with the esoteric sect.
. Pùrvavideha (S). The eastern of the four great continents of a world, east of Mt Meru, semicircular in shape.
Đức. Guna (S) Virtue, moral excellence, moral power, power; goodness, kindness Có đức: virtuous; good, kind. để đức cho con: benevolent parents bequeath divine blessings to their children. Đức mỏng: ill fated; unblest. Đức dày: blest.
. The root of the moral life, or of religious power
. Field of virtue, or of religious power, i.e. the cult of arhats and Buddhas.
. The ocean-like character and influence of virtue.
. Moral conduct and religious exercises, or discipline; moral conduct. Moral deed; upright conduct; virtuous; (of a woman) chaste.
. The fragrance of virtue.
. The wind ofvirtue, or of religious power.
. Virtuous scholar, a term for a monk in the Đường dynasty.