It is the first letter
of the Sanskrit Siddham alphabet. From it are supposed to be born all the other letters,
and it is the first sound uttered by the human mouth. It has therefore numerous mystical
. Avadàna (S). Exemple la. Green face devil.
. Avaivartika (S). One who never recedes; a bodhisattva who, in his progress towards Buddhahood, never retrogrades to a lower state than that to which he hes attained. .
A ca ni trá (thiên). Akanistha (S)
, . Ajàtasatru (S)
, . Ajita (S) Invincible, title of Maitreya Buddha.
. Amitàbha (S). Amita immeasurable. Amitàbha immeasurable splendour.
. Sukhàvatì-vyùha-sùtra. (S) Sùtra of the Amitàbha Buddha.
. Amitàbha Buddha (S). Phật Amitàyus Buddha.
. Thirteen titles of Amitàbha-Buddha: (1) Infinite-life, light, merit Buddha. (2) Buddha of boundless light. (3) Buddha of unlimited light. (4) Buddha of irresistible light. (5) Phật Buddha of incomparable light. (6) Buddha of Yama, or flame-king light. (7) quang Phật Buddha of pure light. (8) Buddha of joyous light. (9) Buddha of wisdom light. (10) Phật Buddha of unending light. (11) quang Phật Buddha of unconceivable light . (12) Vô xứng quang Phật Buddha of indescribable light. (13) Phật. Buddha of light surpassing that of sun and moon.
, hoa thu. Asoka (S)
A du đà, A du xà. Ayodhyà (S). Name of place.
. Asoka (S). King Asoka.
. Asokàvadàna-màlà (S). Garland of the legends of King Asoka.
. Xem .
. Adàna (S) , holding on to, maintaining; holding together the karma, good or evil, maintaining the sentient organism, or the germ in a seed of plant. It is another name for the Alaya-vijnàna.
, hoa Thiện .
. Adi-Buddha (S). The primal Buddha of ancient Lamaism.
. Xem .
(dược). Agada (S). Free from disease, an antidote, elixir of life, universal remedy.
. Agama (S). A collection of doctrines, general name for the Hinayàna sciptures: - Dirgàgama, Màdhyamàgama, Samyuktàgama, Ekottarikàgama.
. The supposed foundation of all sounds and writings. "A" being the open and "Hùm" the closed sound. "A" is the seed of Vairocana, "Hùm" that of Vajrasattva , and boh have other indications. "A" represents the absolute, "Hùm" the particular, or phenomenal.
. Ajita Kesakambalì (S). One of the six famous leaders of heterical sects.
, . Arhat (S). One who has attained the final stage of the Path.
n. Aràta-Kalama (S)
. Alaya (S), an abode, receptacle, resting place (hence Himalaya, the store house of snow). Tiềm tàng.
. Alaya-vijnàna (S). The receptacle intellect or consciousness, basic consciousness. Eighth consciousness, subconsciousness, store consciousness. Duy , Alayavijnàmàtram Alya only.
A lan nha. Aranya (S) A hermitage, or place of retirement for meditation.
. Arya (S). Saint, Venerable.
. Aristaka (S). , name of a heretic monk.
A luyện nha. Xem .
. Amala (S). , without stain or fault.
. Amala-vijnàna (S). , Purity of Consciouness.
. Amalaka (S) Phyllanthus emblica, whose nuts are valued medicinally.
. Amrta (S) Ambrosy
, . Ana (S) Inhalation. Anàpanà (S).Breathing, especially controlled breathing.
. Anavatàpta-nàga-ràja (S). A dragon-king.
bàn đi , . Anàthapindika-Vihàra.
bàn đàn, . Anathapindika (S).
, . Anàgàmin (S) Non coming. One who has attaained the 3rd stage of the Path.
. Anurudha (S). One of the ten great disciples of the Buddha.
. Ananda (S). , Joy. Younger brother of Devadatta; he was noted as the most learned disciple of Buddha.
A nâu lâu đa. Xem .
. Ajnàta-Kaundinya (S). One of the five first disciples of the Buddha.
�. Anuttara-Samyas-Sambòdhi (S). Supreme and perfect enlightenment.
, não. Anavatapta (S)
(kinh), . Adbhutadharma (S)
. Aksobhya-buddha (S). Imperturbable Buddha.
. Asanga, Aryàsanga (S). , unattached, free; lived probably the fourth century A.D. said to be the eldest brother of Vasubhandu, whom he converted to Mahàyàna. He was first a follower of the Mahìsàsaka school, but founded the Yogàcàrya, or Tantric school with his Yogà-càrabhùmi-sàstra , which in the Truyện is said to have been dictated to him by Maitreya in the Tusita heaven, alomg with the and .
. Asankhya, Asankhyeya (S). Innumerable, countless.
. Atharva-Veda (S). The fourth Veda, dealing with sorcery or magic.
. Asaya (S). Disposition, mind; pleased to, desire to, pleasure.
. Asita (S). Name of a master.
. Asura (S). Originally meaning a spirit, spirits, or even the gods, it generally indicates titanic demons, enemies of the gods. They are defined as "not devas", and "ugly", and "without wines"
. Avici (S) The last and deepest of the eight hot hells, where the culprits suffer, die, and are instantly reborn to suffering without interruption.
. Xem .
. Abhidharma (S). Analytic doctrine of Buddhist Canon.
. Abhidharma-hrdaya-sàstra (S). Book of Elements.
. Abhidharma-hrdaya-sàstra-sùtra (S). -id-
. Abhidhamma-dhammasangani (P). Book of the Elements of existence.
. Abhidhamma-dhàtu-kathà (P). Book of the Origin of things.
. Abhidhamma-kathà-vatthu (P). Book of Controversies.
. Abhidhamma-sangaha (P). Collection of the Significations of Abhidharma.
. Abhidhamma-vibhanga (P). Book of Classifications.
. Abhidhamma-yamaka (P). Book of Pairs.
. Abhidharma-skandha-pàda-sàstra (S) Book of things.
. Abhidharma-dhàtu-kàya-pàda-sàstra (S). Book of Elements.
. Abhidharma-jnàna-prasthàna-sàstra (S). Book of the Beginning of knowledge.
. Abhidharma-kosa (S). -id-
. Abhidharma-kosa-sàatra (S). -id-
. Abhidharma-kosa-samaya-pradipika-sàstra (S).
. Abhidharma-mahà-vibhàsa-sàstra (S). -id-
. Abhidharma-nyànyà-nusàra-sàstra (S). -id-
, . Abhidharma-pitaka (S). Basket of Philosophocal treatises of the Doctrine.
. Abhidharma-prajnapti-pàda-sàstra (S). Book of Descriptions.
. Abhidharma-praka-rana-pàda-sàstra (S). Book of Literature.
. Abhidharma-sangiti-paryàya-pàda-sàstra (S) Book of Recitations. . Abhidharmàvatàra-sàstra (S). -id-
. Abhidharma-vijnàna-kàyapàda-sàstra (S). Book of knowledge.
. Abhidhamma-puggala-pannati (P). Book of Person
. Avìchì (S). One of the most frightful hell.
. Abhisambuddha (S) , name of a buddha.
. Avadàna (S). , stories illustrating the results of an action.
A vi di, . Avidyà (S). Ignorance.
. The sect "true word" or spell of Vairocana Tỳ for subduing all màras, each sound representing onr of the five elements earth, water, fire, wind (air), and space (ether).
. Avesa (S). , nhập đồng, the entering of a deity or a demon in a medium which becomes "possessed".
. Acàrya (S). Spiritual teacher, master, preceptor; one of correct conduct, and able to teach others. 1-Xuất gia : one who has charge of novices; 2-Thọ giới : a teacher of the discipline 3-Giáo thụ : teacher of duties; 4-Thụ kinh : teacher of the scriptures; 5-Y chỉ : master of the community.
, Ajàtasatru (S). Son of king Bimbisara.
Ác. Agha (S). Bad, evil, wicked, hateful; to hate, dislike.
. Recompense for ill, punishment. To return evil.
Ác côn, , ác đo�. Brigands, bandits, malefactors, evil-doers, ruffians, hoodlums, hooligans.
. External conditions or circumstances which stir or tempt one to do evil.
. Evil ways; also the three evil paths or destinies - animals, pretas and purgatory.
. Inhuman, cruel, infamous.
. Calamity, disater, catastrophe; scourge, plague, pest, curse, bane.
. Incorrect conduct.
. Evil or bad fiends . Evil mouth, evil speech; a slanderous evil-speaking person. . Evil or heterodox views.
Ác lo�. Foul discharges from the body; also evil revealed.
. Bad, or evil rules and customs.
. Evil maras, demon enemies of Buddhism.
. Evil conduct in thought, word or deed, which leads to evil recompense; evil karma.
. A cause of evil, or a bad fate; an evil cause.
. Ill thought; bad intention.
. Non-buddhist dharmas.
. Evil fruit from evil deeds.
. Evil demons and devil spirits.
. An evil teacher who teaches harmful doctrines.
. Evil doings; also to hate that which one has done, to repent.
. Vyàpàda (S). Ill will, malevolence.
. An evil world.
. Aparagati (S). The evil directions, or incarnations.
. A bad intimate, or friend, or teacher.
Ái. Kàma, Ràga (S). Love, affection, desire. Trsna (S) Thirst, avidity, desire. One of the 12 nidànas.
. The suffering of being separated from those whom one loves.
. The root of desire, which produces the passions.
. The grip of love and desire.
. The seed of desire, with its harvest of pain.
. Love and desire; love of family. Craving, thirst, lust. , craving for sensuality; , craving for existence; , craving for non-existence.
. Love or desire as a contributory cause, or attachment.
. The poison of desire, or love, which harms devotion to Buddha.
Ái gia. The falseness or unreality of desire.
. The realm of desire, or love.
Ái ha. The river of desire in which men are drowned.
. The ocean of desire.
. Emotional behaviour, or the emotions of desire, as contrasted with , rational behaviour.
Ái he�. The bond of love or desire.
. Love as fire that burns.
. The illusion ođ love, or desire.
. The tie of love or desire.
. The thirst of desire; , thirstily to desire.
. Attachment or love growing from thinking of others.
. The wheel of desire which turns men into the six paths of transmigration.
. Talk of love or desire.
. The flood of desire which overwhelms.
. The karma which follows desire.
. The prison of desire.
. Loving speech; the words of love of a bodhisattva.
. The eye of love, that of Buddha.
. The taint of desire.
. The fertilizing of desire; i.e. when dying the illusion of attachment fertilizes the seed of future karma, producing the fruit of further suffering.
Ái nhue�. Love and hate, desire and hate.
. Love for Buddha-truth; the method of love.
Ái qua. The fruit of desire and attachment, i.e. suffering.
. The demon of desire.
. Love and hate, desire and dislike.
. A loving heart; a mind full of desire; a mind dominated by desire.
nữ. Kàma (S). Goddess of sensuous desire.
. Aichi-gakku-en (J).
. The thorn of love; the suffering of attachment which pierces like a thorn.
. The semen; also the passion of desire which fertilizes evil fruit.
. Love and care for; to be unwilling to give up; sparing.
. The strong attachment of love; the bondage of desire.
. The noose, or net of desire.
Am. Small pagoda; sanctuary, sanctum; retreat; place of refuge.
. Amrapàlì (S). Name of garden.
. Amra (S)
, , . Amra-Vijnàna. The 9th consciousness.
. Amravana (S) Name of garden.
An. Ksema (S). Peace, tranquil, quiet, pacify.
. Content, satisfied with one's lot;
. Varsà, varsàna (S). Tranquil dwelling. Varsa (S) A retreat during the three months of the Indian raining season. Retreat season of monk.
(quốc). Sukhavati (S) Xem .
. Antaravàsaka (S). Inner garment ođ a monk.
. Sikha (S).Happy. , ease (of body) and joy (at heart). Peace and happiness; well being, comfort.
. Sukhavati (S). Amitabha's Happy Land.
. Arogyra (S). Health, absence of illness.
. Safe, secure; peaceful; stable.
. To quiet the heart, or mind; be at rest. Reassured, heartened.
. Vitakkasanthàba-suttam (P). Name of a sutta.
. Sthiramati (S). Name of person.
. To rest.
. To place in position; to install, to settle.
Án, úm. Aum (S)
. Aum Mani Padme Hum (S)
. Keruva (S). Necklace of pearl or of diamond.
. Pratibimba (S). Image, reflection.
. Kathina (S). Robes annually supplied to monks.
Ảo. Màya (S) Illusion; illusory, illusive, unreal, deceptive, false, deceitful
. Illusion, delusion.
. Mirage, hallucination, phantasm.
. The wilderness of illusion, i.e. the mortal life.
. Hallucination, aberrtion.
. To delude, to deceive, to gull; illusory, illusive, delusive, deceptive.
. To transform, to metamorphose.
. Illusory existence.
. Powers of an illusionist.
. The ways or methods of illusion, or of Bodhisattva transformation.
. Empty dream.
. Conjuring tricks, illusion, methods of Bodhisattvavtransformation.
. An illusionist, a conjurer.
. The illusion mind, or mind is unreal.
. The illusory body, i.e. this body is not real but an illusion.
. Prestidigitation, magic.
. Illusive world.
. Illusion, illusory appearance.
. Chimera, utopia, fantasy, wild fancy.
Át gia. Arghya (S). fragrant liquid.
. Vippatisàra (P). Remorse, repentance.
Âm. Vara (S). Sound, voice.
. Vocal teaching. Buddha's preaching.
. Sound and echo perseverence, the patience which realizes that all is as unreal as sound and echo.
. Sabda (S). Sound, note, preaching. âm, harmonious and elegant sounds. âm, most exquisite voices.
Âm. Shade, dark, the shades, the negative as opposed to positive principle, female, the moon, back, secret. In Buddhism it is the phenomenal, as obscuring the true nature of things; also the aggregation of phenomenal things resulting in births and deaths
. A retractable penis - one of the thirty two marks of Buddha.
. Paper money for use in services to the dead.
Ấm. Skandas (S) Group, aggregate.
. The five skandhas like a passing illusion.
. The present world as the state of the five skandhas.
. The five skandhas considered as màras or demon fighting against the Buddha's nature ofmen.
Ấm, Nhập, Giới. The five skandhas, the twelve entrances, or bases through which consciousness enters, and the eighteen dhàtu or elements..
. The skandha-illusion, or the unreality of the skandhas.
. Kàsyapìya (S). name of a sect.
Ân. Grace, favour.
. Grace and love, human affection, which is one of the causes of rebirth
ha. The river of grace.
. The sea of grace.
. The prison of affection, which holds men in bondage.
. The field of grace, i.e. parents, teachers, elders, monks, in return for the benefits they have conferred; one of the điền.
Ấn. Mudrà (S). Seal, stamp, sign, symbol, emblem; proof, assurance, approve. Manual signs indicative of various ideas.
. Inka-shomèi (J). Seal of approval.
Ấn đo�. India.
. Sanàtanadharma (S). Hinduism.
. Assuredly can, i.e. recognition of ability, or suitability.
Ẩn. To hide, lie in hiding; conceal; obscure, esoteric; retired.
. To conceal one's faults and to display one's qualities.
. Aranyaka (S). , To live in retirement, hermitage.
. To reserve one's anonymity, to preserve one's incognito.
. To hide from the world; to seclude oneself from society.
. Metaphorical, figurative.
. Vohàra-sacca (P). Commonly accepted truth.
. To keep secret. Esoteric meaning, in contrast with hiển liễu exoteric or plain meaning.
. Secret, esoteric, occult meaning.
. Ingen Ryuki (J). Yin yuan Long chi (C). Founder of Rinzai Zen sect in Japan.
. To resign oneself. chờ thời, to bide one's time; to lie in wait for, to watch one's opportunity.
. Deep seated, inmost feelings.
Ẩn y. Secret thought.