Vạn. Myriad, 10,000; all.
. The 18,000 easterly worlds lighted by the ray from Buddha's brow.
. All realms, all regions.
. All virtues.
. All procedures, all actions, all disciplines, or modes of salvation.
. All things, everything that has noumenal and or phenomenal existence.
. The absolute in everything; the ultimate reality behind everything.
. Myriad things but one mind; all things as noumenal.
. All goodness, all good works.
. The sauvastika, also styled srivatsa-laksana, the mark on the breast of Visnu; the lightning; a sun symbol; a sign of all power over evil and all favour to the good; a sign shown on the Buddha's breast. One of the marks on a Buddha's feet.
Vãng. To go; gone; past; to be going to, future.
. To go and come back; to go to and fro.
. The future life, the life to which anyone is going; to go to be born in the Pure Land of Amitàbha Buddha. (1) to transfer one's merits to all beings that they may attain the Pure Land of Amitàbha. (2) having been born in the Pure Land to return to mortality and by one's merits to bring mortals to the Pure Land.
. Mantra for the rebirth in the Pure Land.
Văn. To hear; to make known to; to smell.
. To hear the name of; fame, famous; to hear the name of Buddha, or a Buddha.
. To hear and keep, hear and and remember the teaching; meaning to hold to, maintain.
. To hear the doctrine.
. Kàtyana (S). Also .
. Manjusri Bodhisattva.
. Xem .
. To hear and keep; hearing and keeping in mind; hearing and obeying,
. Hearing the word and become wise in it; wisdom obtained from hearing.
Vân. Megha (S). Cloud, cloudy, abundant.
. A sort of cloud-shaped gong, struck to indicate the hour.
. The assembly hall of a monastery, because of the massed congregation.
. Brothers or men of the cloud and waters, fellow-monks.
. Jaladhara-garjita-ghosa-susvara-naksatra-ràja sankusumità-bhijna (S). A Buddha possessing the wisdom of the Thunder-god and of the flowery stars.
. Megha-dundubhi-svara-ràja. Xem .
. The Cloud gate monastery in Quảng Đông, from which derived his tittle, he lived early in the tenth century and founded the .
. Clouded heart, depressed.
. Flocking like clouds, a great assembly.
Vi. Sùksma (S). Minute, small, slight; abstruse, subtle; disguise; not; translit vi, bi. Used in the sense of a molecule seven times larger than an atom.
. Abstruse, recondite, mysterious.
. Xem , .
. The guardian facing the main hall of a temple.
. Xem , .
. Vaidehi (S). Wife of Bimbisàra and mother of Ajàtasastru.
. Minute, refined, or subtle action.
. Mysterious, secret, occult.
. Visnu (S). All-pervading, encompassing; "the preserver" in the Trimùrti Brahmà creator, Visnu preserver, Siva destroyer.
. Minute, fine, refined, subtle.
. Minute, minor offence to the law.
. Anu (S). A molecule. Atomic element.
. Numerous as molecules, or atoms; numberless.
Vị. Not yet, the future.
, . Anàgata (S). That which has not come, or will come; the future, e.g. a future life, or lives; also the future tense, one of the , i.e. quá past, hiện present, vị future.
. The karma of past life not yet fulfilled.
. Ajatasatru (S). Xem .
. Adbhuta (S). Never yet been, non such, rare, marvellous. Also .
. Adbhutadharma-paryàya (S). One of the twelve divisions of the Canon.
Vị. Rasa (S). Taste, flavour, the sense of taste. One of the six sensations.
, vị trước. The taste-desire, hankering after the pleasures of food, etc.
. Taste-dust; one of the six "particles" which form the material or medium of sensation.
. Punya (S). Good deed.
Viêm. Blazing, burning.
. Tapana (S). The hell of burning or roasting, the sixth of the eight hot hells, where 24 hours equal 2,600 years on earth.
Viên. Park, garden. , Mrgadava (S). Deer park. . Venuvana (S), Bamboo park. , Jetavana (S). Garden of the prince Jeta.
Viên. Round, all round, full-orbed,inclusive, all-embracing, whole, perfect, complete.
. The all-embracing, perfect voice.
. The potentiality of becoming fully enlightened at once.
. Whole and complete.
. Inclusive to the uttermost; absolute perfection.
. The mystery of the "perfect" school, i.e. the complete harmony of noumenon, phenomenon, and the middle way.
. Complete combination; the absolute in the relative and vice versa; the identity of apparent contraries; perfect harmony among all differences, as in water and waves, passions and enlightenment, transmigration and nirvàna, or life and death, etc; all are of the same fundamental nature, all are bhùtatathatà, and bhùtatathatà is all.
. The perfect way.
. Round altar; a complete group of objects of worship, a mandala.
. The doctrine of the complete cutting off, at one remove, of the three illusions, i.e. associated with không, with giả, with trung.
. Complete and immediate.
. The complete immediate teaching, that of .
. Complete enlightenment potentially present in each being, for all have primal awareness, or the true heart (e.g. conscience), which has always remained pure and shining; considered as essence it is the one mind, considered causally it is the Tathàgata-garbha, considered in its result it is perfect enlightenment.
. The complete, perfect, or comprehensive doctrine; the school or sect of Mahàyàna which represents it. The term has had three references. The first was by , sixth century, who defined three shools, Tiệm gradual, Đốn immediate, Viên inclusive or complete. The called its fourth section inclusive, complete, or perfect teaching Viên, the other three being Tạng Hìnayàna, Thông Màhayàna-cum-Hìnayàna, Biệt Mahàyàna. The so called its fifth section, i.e. , , , and .
. The all-embracing ocean, i.e. the perfection or power of the Tathàgata.
. All embracing, all inclusive.
. Complete vacuity, i.e. , from which even the idea of vacuity is absent.
. Pari- (S). Completely full; wholly complete; the fulfilling of the whole, i.e. that the part contains the whole; the absolute in the relative.
. The complete, or all-inclusive sùtra, a term applied to the .
. The complete teaching of and the esoteric teaching. Also the harmony of both as one.
. Completely to apprehend the truth. In , the complete apprehension at the same time of noumenon, phenomenon, and the middle way.
. The Buddha of the "perfect" school, the perfect pan-Buddha embracing all things in every direction; the dharmakàya; Vairocana identified with Sàkyamuni.
. The halo, or aura, surrounding the head of a Buddha, etc.
. Perfect fruit, nirvàna.
. The perfect mind, the mind that seeks perfection, i.e. niràna.
. Complete perfection.
. Parinispanna (S). The perfect true nature, absolute reality, the bhùtatathatà.
. Vedànta (S). Last texts of Veda. Also Vệ .
. Universally penetrating; supernatural powers of omnipresence; universality; by wisdom to penetrate the nature or truth of all things.
. The various samàdhi of supernatural powers of the twenty five "great ones" of the Surangama sùtra.
. The omnipresent hearer of those who call, .
. The all-complete vehicle, the final teaching of Buddha.
. Perfect rest, i.e. parinirvàna; the perfection of all virtue and the elimination of all evil, release from the miseries of transmigration and entrance into the fullest joy.
. Complete-faith; the faith of the "perfect" school. A doctrine that a moment's faith embrace the universe.
. The sect of the complete or final Buddha-truth, i.e. .
. (1) To observe the complete meditation, at one and the same time to comprehend the three ideas of ; (2) to keep all the precepts perfectly.
. To keep all the teaching of Pure Land perfectly.
Viễn. Far, distant, far removed.
. Zendo (J). Founder of the Pure Land sect in China. Also .
. Dùramgamà-bhumi (S). The seventh of the Ten Grounds of Bodhisattva.
. Vivarjana (S). Leave afar off, be far removed; absolute separation of unconditioned reality from the realm of phenomena. Abandoning, abstaining from.
. The joy of the first dhyàna heaven, in which the defilement of desire is left far behind in mystic contemplation.
. Sarvakalpanàvirahitam (S). Free from all forms of discrimination.
. Alambànavigata (S).
. Naiskramya (S). To be far removed from the dust and defilement of the world.
. Institute for the Propagation of the Dharma. Viện trưởng : Head of the Institute for the Propagation of the Dharma.
. The Sangha Council. : Supreme Patriarch of the Sangha Council.
. Sanàta (S). Eternal, forever. Also .
. Sàsvatavàda (S). Eternalism.
Việt. To step over, pass over, surpass, exceed; similar to siêu, with which it is often connected.
. The samàdhi of Yasodharà, wife of prince Siddharta and mother of Rahula, which causes all kinds of joy to self and others.
. Vighna (S). A very rich person in Benares but mean.
. The Bodhisattva who has surpassed the three realms (desire, form, formless)
. Exceeding sin, or transgression of the law, particularly of esoteric law or monastic vows.
Vọng. Mithyà (S). False, untrue, erroneous, wild.
. False tenets, holding on to wrong views.
. The unreality of one's environment; also the causes of erroneous ideas.
. Mithya drsti (S). False views (of reality), Wrong views.
, . False words, or talk; lies.
. Mithya màrga (S). Wrong speech.
, . The spread of lies or false ideas.
. False or misleading thoughts.
. Bhrànti (S). Error, ill conduct.
. A wrong, false, or misleading mind.
. Parikalpitàbhidhàna (S). The net of phraseology woven by erronous imagination.
. The unreal and unclean world.
. Erroneous thinking.
. Light-net Buddha.
Vô. Sanskrit A, or before a vowel An, similar to English Un-, In-, in a negative sense; not, no, none, non-existent; opposite of hữu. no one; neither two nor three, but only one vehicle.
. Without love, or craving, or attachment.
. Niràbhàsa (S). Without image or shadow, without semblance or appearance.
. A double negative, making a positive; also , .
. Ananta (S). Endless, boundless.limitless, infinite, i.e. like space.
. Infinite virtues Bodhisattva.
. The infinite world of things; the realm of things infinite in number; the infinite universe behind all phenomena.
. The immeasurable light Buddha.
. The immeasurable body of the Buddha.
thế giới. The infinite world, i.e. space ; also infinite worlds; the numberless worlds in infinite space.
. Avijnapti (S). Unconscious, latent, not expressed, subjective. Internal and not visible to others.
. That which cannot be covered or contained, universal; also that which includes all, a characteristic of the pity of Buddha.
. Uncontainable, or superlative, pity.
. Faith produced not of oneself but by Buddha in the heart.
. Vimala, amala (S). Undefiled, stainless.
. The stage of undefilement, the second stage of a Bodhisattva; also applied to the final stage before attaining Buddhahood.
. The stage of undefiled endurance.
. Amala vijnàna (S). Undefiled or pure consciousness, formerly considersed as the ninth, later as the eighth consciousness.
. The stainless garment, the monastic robe of purity.
. The nature without the seed of goodness and so unable to escape from the stream of transmigration.
. Without effort. , without merit or virtue.
. Causeless, without immediate causal connection, uncaused, underived, independent.
. Anilambha (S). "Undropped samàdhi", in which all mental functions cease to connect with environment and cease to function.
. Uncaused compassion.
. The vehicle, or method, of the subjective mind, by which all existence is seen as mental and not external. The tâm is the sixth of the stage.
. Asesa (S). No reminder, no remnant, final; applied to the section of the Vinaya regarding expulsion for unpardonable sin frm the monkhood; also to final nirvàna without remainder for reincarnation.
. Complete or final prediction, e.g. to Buddhahood, as contrasted with partial prediction.
(y) . Anupadhisesa (S). The nirvàna state in which exists no remainder of the karma of suffering.
. Asama (S). Unequal, unequalled; the one witout equal, Buddha.
. Asamasama (S). Of rank unequalled, or equal with the unequalled, Buddha and Buddhism.
. The unequalled enlightenment possessed by Buddhas.
. The unequalled vehicle, Mahàyàna.
. Aksobhya (S). Imperturbable, calm, serene, unagitated. Also .
. Aksobhya-Buddha (S). Imperturbable Buddha. Also , .
. Incomparable light.
. Moksa Mahàparisad (S). Council convoked every five years.
. Avici (S). Uninterrupted, unseparated, without intermission.
. The Avici hell, the last of the eight hot hells, in which punishment, pain, form, birth, death continue without intermission.
. The unintermitted karma, or unintermitted punishment for any of the five unpardonable sins.
. No more birth-and-death, the bodhisattva who will not again be subject to the wheel of transmigration.
. Ahosi-kamma (P). Ineffective karma.
. Niràbhàsa (S). No appearance, no splendour. Also .
. Asaiksa (S). No longer learning, beyond study, the state of arhatship.
. The way of arhat, especially his attainment to complete truth and freedom from all illusion, with nothing more to learn.
. Neither going nor coming, eternal like the dharmakàya.
. Avyàkrta, avyàkhyàta (S). Unrecordable (either as good or bad); neutral, neither good nor bad; things that are innocent, or cannot be classified under moral categories.
. The usnisa, or lump, on Buddha's head, called "the invisible mark on the head" because it was supposed to contain an invisible sign.
. Anàsrava (S). No drip, leak, or flow; outside the passion stream; passionless; outside the stream (of transmigratory suffering); away from the down flow into lower forms of rebirth.
. The three roots which produce pure knowledge.
. The way of purity, or deliverance from the passion.
. Asravaksaya-jnàna (S). Entry into spiritual knowledge free from all faults.
. Passionless purity as a cause for attaining nirvàna.
. The way of purity, or escape from the passion and lower transmigration.
. The pure, passionless dharma nature.
. The result of following the way of giới, định, tuệ, i.e. purity, meditation, and wisdom, with liberation from the passions and from lower incarnation.
. Reality as passionless or pure.
. The final pure or passionless body.
. Passionless knowledge.
. Passionless, or pure, wisdom, or enlightenment.
. Apramàna, amita, ananta (S). Immeasurable, unlimited, e.g. the "four infinite" characteristics of a Bodhisattva are , loving kindness, compassion, joy and equanimity.
. Infinite enlightenment, name of Amtàbha.
. The Bodhisattva with Infinite Power.
. Infinite meaning, or the meaning of infinity; the meaning of the all, or of all things.
. Anantanirdesapratisthàna-samàdhi (S). The concentration into which the Buddha is represented as entering before preaching the doctrine of infinity as given in the Lotus-sùtra.
. Apramànànha (S). Immeasurable, or infinite light or splendour.
. Amitàbha Buddha.
. Apramànàbha (S). The heaven of boundless light, the fifth of the Brahmalokas.
. Infinite mind, the mind of Infinity, the mind as large as infinity.
. Measureless vigour Buddha.
. Apramànasubha (S). Boundless purity, the second of the heavens in the third dhyàna heavens of form.
. The Buddha of boundless purity, Amitàbha.
. Sukhàvativyùha-sùtra (S). Sùtra of the Amitabha Buddha.
. Boundless, measureless, infinite life, a name of Amitàbha.
. Measureless curtain Buddha.
. Infinite wisdom, a term applied to a Buddha.
. Measureless appearance Buddha.
. Anantamati (S). Boundless mind, intention, will, or meaning.
. Avidyà (S). Ignorance, and in some senses Mayà, illusion; it is darkness without illumination, the ignorance which mistakes seeming for being, or illusory phenomena for realities; it is also intp. as Si, ignorant, stupid, fatuous; but it means generally, unenlightened, unillumined. The distinguishes two kinds as the radical, fundamental, original darkness or ignorance considered as a primal condition, and Chi mạt "branch and twig" conditions, considered as phenomenal. Avidyà is also the first, or last of the twelve nidànas.
. The illusion arising from primal ignorance which covers and hinders the truth of the via media.
. The bond of ignorance.
. Views produced by ignorance, ignorant perception of phenomena.
. Unenlightenment, or ignorance, the cause of the stream of transmigration.
. Avidyà and Bhùtatathatà are of the same nature, as are ice and water; the ice of avidyà is the water of all things, the source out of which all enlightenment has come.
. Ignorance as father and desire as mother produce the ego.
. Ajnànakarmatrsnà (S). Ignorance, karma, desire - the three forces that cause reincarnation.
. One of the ten lictors, messengers or misleaders, i.e. of ignorance, who drives beings into the chain of transmigration.
. The store house of ignorance.
. The fifth of the five , i.e. the fundamental unenlightened condition, the source or nucleus of ignorance; also ignorance as to the nature of things, i.e. of their fundamental unreality.
. The unsectarian, or meditative sect, so called because it claimed to derive its authority directly đrom the mind of Buddha.
. Xem .
. Unable, without power.
. Ajita (S). Invincible, unsurpassable, unconquerable, especially applied to Maitreya Bodhisattva. Also .
. Anàtman, nairàtmya (S). No ego, no soul (of an independent and self contained character), impersonal, no individual independent existence (of conscious or unconscious beings, anàtmaka).
. Anattàlakkhana-sùtta (P). Sutta of the Characteristics of Non Ego.
. Apratihata (S). Unhindered, without obstacle, resistless, without resistance, permeating everywhere, all pervasive, dynamic omnipresence which enters everywhere without hindrance like the light of a candle.
. The unhindered one, the Buddha, who unbarred the way to nirvàna, which releases from all limitations; the omnipresent one; the one who realizes nirvàna-truth.
. The Buddha with the all pervasive light or glory, Amitàbha.
. The omniscience of Buddha.
. Undoubted, without doubt.
. Without words, silent, speechless.
. The way, or teaching, without speech; the school which teaches that speaking of things is speaking of nothing, or the non-existent; the acquisition of truth through contemplation without the aid of words.
. Apranihita (S). Desireless.
. Advaya (S).Non-duality.
. Anavatapta (S). Heatless.
. Anavatapta, or Atapta heaven without heat or affliction.
. Anavatàpta (S). Mythical lake of the King of Nàgas.
. Without a thought; without recollection; absence of false ideas or thoughts, i.e. correct ideas or thoughts; apart from thought.
. Nirvikalpa (S). Non discriminating.
. The mind free from particularization, especially from affection and feelings; passionless.
. Nirvikalpa-jnàna (S). Mind free from discriminating.
. The absolute dharma underlying all particular dharmas, the absolute as contrasted with the relative.
. Free from trouble.
. The thirteenth Brahmaloka, the fifth region of the fourth dhyàna.
. No place, nowhere; unlimited to place and method, i.e. Buddha'spower.
. Arùpa (S). Formless, shapeless, immaterial.
. Arùparàga (S). Craving for immaterial existence.
. Arùpaloka, arùpadhàtu (S). The heavens without form, immaterial, consisting only of mind in contemplation, being four in number, which are defined as Catùrùpabrahmaloka, and given as , àkàsanantyàyatana; , vijnànànatyàyatana; , akincanyà- yatana; , naivasamjnànasamjnàyatana.
. Existence in the formless or immaterial realm.
. The desire in the world without form of holding on to the illusion of contemplation.
. Anutpanna, anutpatti (S). Not born, without being born or produced; uncreated; no rebirth; immortal; nirvàna as not subject to birth and death, or reincarnation, and which negates them; the condition of the absolute.
. The doctrine of reality as beyond birth, or creation, i.e. that of the bhùtatathatà, the gate or shool of immortality.
. The patient rest in belief in immortality, or no rebirth.
. The law of no-birth, or immortality, as the fundamental law of the and the embodiment of nirvàna.
. Anutpattikà-dharma-ksànti (S). Endurance, patience of the practitioner who has penetrated the truth, all things are unborn.
. The immortal one, i.e. the dharmakàya.
. The final knowledge attained by th arhat, his release from the chain of transmigration. Also, the knowledge of the bodhisattva of the assurance of immortality, or no rebirth.
. Asamkhyeya (S). Numberless.
. Nothing, nowhere.
. Nothing (he) cannot do, omnipotent.
. Nowhere (it) does not reach.
. Nowhere, or nothing obtainable, the immaterial universal reality behind all phenomena.
. Avidyamàna (S). Non existing, nothing existing, the immaterial.
. Vikalpa-vivikta-dharma (Niràbhasa) (S). The ruth that is detached from discrimination.
. Akincannayatana (S). Sphere of Nothingness, Heaven of Formless.
. Akincanàyàtana (S). The contemplation of the state of nothingness, or the immaterial.
. The contemplation of the immaterial reality behind all phenoma.
. Apratisthita (S). No means of staying, non abiding.
trứ (trước). Not bound by any tie, i.e. free from all influence of the passion-nature, an epithet of Buddha.
. Without a teacher, self-attained.
. Self-attained enlightenment.
. Self-attained enlightenment, wisdom attained without a teacher, Buddha.
. Not creating, uncreated; not doing; inactive physically or mentally; independent of action, word or will, i.e. natural, intuitive.
. The intangible, invisible moral law that influences the ordinand when he receives visible ordination; i.e. the internal spiritual moral law and its influence; the invisible grace of which the visible ordination is a sign. Also biểu giới.
. Ahrika (S). Without shame, shameless.
. Mindless, without thought, will, or purpose; the real immaterial mind free from illusion; unconsciousness, or effortless action.
. The hermit or saint in ecstatic contemplation, as with emptied mind he become the receptacle of mystic influences
. The samàdhi in which active thought has ceased.
. Ananta (S). Inexhaustible, without limit.
. Unlimited causation, or the unlimited influence of everything on all things and all things on everything; one of the . Also .
. The Buddha-truth as inexhaustible as the ocean.
. The one lamp which is yet limitless in the lighting of other lamps; the influence of one disciple may be limitless and inexhaustible; also an altar light always burning.
. The inexhaustible treasury.
. Inexhaustible intention or meaning.
. Aksayamati Bodhisattva (S). A Bodhisattva to whom Sàkyamuni is supposed to have addressed the Avalokitesvara chapter, in the Lotus sùtra. Inexhaustible Bodhisattva.
. Unlimited, boundless.
. Without a nature, nothing has an independent nature of its own.
. Viràga (S). Absence of desire.
. Ajita (S). Invincible, unsurpassed, unconquered.
. Without beginning, as in the chain of transmigration.
. Without beginning and unreal, void without beginning, the abstract idea of , i.e. without beginning.
. The period of unenlightenment or ignorance without beginning, primal ignorance.
. Ajnàna (S). Unknowledge. Also .
. Anitya (S). Impermanent; the first of the trividyà; that all things are impermanent, their birth, existence, change, and death never resting for a moment.
, Khổ, Không, . Anitya, Dukkha, Sunya, Anàtman (S). Impermanence, Suffering, Emptiness, Selflessness.
. Thinking on the impermanence.
. The reliance of the impermanent, i.e. Buddha, upon whom mortals can rely.
. Anuttara (S). Unsurpassed, unexcelled, supreme, peerless.
. The supreme bodhi, or enlightenment, that of Buddha.
. Supreme perfect wisdom.
. Anuttara-samyak-sambodhi (S). Supreme and perfect Enlightenment. Also , .
. The supreme mystic enlightenment.
. The supreme way, or truth, that of Buddha.
. The supreme lamp.
. Supreme perfect enlightenment.
. The supreme nirvàna, that of Mahàyàna.
. The supreme eye, able to discern the inward significance of all things.
. The highest patient equanimity in receiving the truth; also to believe the truth of impermanence without doubt.
. The supreme dharma, nirvàna.
. The preaching, or propagation of the supreme dharma.
. The Lord of supreme dharma, Buddha.
. The supreme garment of the field of blessedness, i.e good works.
. Anuttara (S). Unsurpassed. The peerless noble one, the Buddha.
. Unsurpassed knight taming hero.
. The supreme garment of sensitiveness to the shameful, the monk's robe.
. The peerless honoured one.
. Above the supreme, the supreme of the supreme, i.e. Buddha.
. The most supreme vehicle, the Mahàyàna.
. Supreme wisdom, that of Buddha.
. Without comparison, no comparing, incomparable.
. Incomparable truth or law.
. Without strife, debate, or contradiction; passionless; abiding in the "empty" or spiritual life without debate, or without striving with others.
. The samàdhi in which there is absence of debate or disputation or distinction of self and other.
. Dustless, without an atom of the material or unclean, immaterial, pure.
. The immaterial-realm.
. Ignorant; ignorance; absence of perception. Also, ultimate wisdom considered as static, and independent of differentiation.
. Inanimated ignorant.
. Not abiding; inpermanence; things having no independent nature of their own, they have no real existence as separate entities.
. The samàdhi which contemplates all things as temporal and evanescent.
Vô trứ (trước). Unattached, not in bondage to anything. Name of Asanga, brother of Vasubandhu and others.
. Unfettered action, power to overcome all obstacles.
. The school of Asanga and Vasubandhu, i.e. .
. Asvabhàva (S). Without self-nature, without a nature of its own, no individual nature; all things are without tính individual nature or independent existence, being composed with elements which disintegrate.
. Animitta, niràbhàsa (S). Without form, or sign; no marks or characteristics; nothingness; absolute truth as having no differentiated ideas.
. The nirvàna type of liberation.
. Xem .
. The or Màdhyamika school.
. Nirlaksana-Buddha, Alaksana-Buddha (S). The Buddha without the thirty two or eighty marks, i.e. Nagàrjuna.
. The garment of nothingness for cultivating the field of blessing, i.e. the robe, which separates the monk from earthly contamination.
. Without thought, absence of thinking.
. The concentration in which all thinking ceases in the desire to enter .
. Avrha (S). The thirteen Brahmaloka, the fourth in the fourth dhyana where thinking, or the necessity for thought ceases. Also , xứ.
. Abhaya (S). Fearless, dauntless, secure; nothing and nobody to fear; also Vira, courageous, bold.
. Abhaya-mudrà (S). Gesture of fearlessness.
. Abhayagiri (S). Mount Fearless in Sri Lanka with an ancient monastery where Fa-hsien found 5,000 monks.
. Abhayagirivasin (S). A buddhist sect.
. Subhàkarasimha (S). Name. Also , .
. Abhayapradàna (S). The bestowing of confidence by every true Buddhist, i.e. that none fear may him. Gift of fearlessness.
. Asankhyeya kalpa (S). A period of numberless kalpas.
. Asoka (S). Without sorrow, not feeling or not causing sorrow.
. King Asoka. Also .
. Unasked; not to ask; volunteered.
. Udàna (S). That part of the canon spoken voluntarily and not in reply to questions or appeals.
. Asamkrta (S). Non-active, passive; laissez faire; spontaneous, natural; uncaused, not subject to cause, condition, or dependence; transcendental, not in time, unchanging, eternal, inactive, and free from the passions or senses; non phenomenal, noumenal; also intp. as nirmàna, dharma-nature, reality, and dharmadhàtu.
. Asamskrta sùnyatà (S). The immaterial character of thetranscendent.
(giới). The realm of the eternal, unconditioned nirvàna.
. Asamskrtadharma (S). Any thing not subject to cause, condition, or dependence; out of time, eternal, inactive, supra-mundane. enumerates 6 non-created elements: (1) vô vì àkàsa, space. (2) pratisamkhyà nirodha, extinction obtained by knowledge; (3) apratisa khyà nirodha, extinction not by knowledge but by nature; (4) diệt acala nirodha, extinction by a motionless state of heavenly meditation; (5) diệt samjnà vedayita nirodha, extinction by the stoppage of idea and sensation by an arhat; (6) tathàtà, true suchness.
. Asamskrta-dharmakàya (S). The eternal body of Buddha not conditioned by cause and effect.
. The birth-and-death of saints, i.e. without any action, transformation.
. Causeless and spontaneous, a tr. of nivrtti.
. The nirvàna home.
. Nothing on which to rely; unreliable.
. Final nirvàna.
. Absence of subjective thought, of will, or intention; absence of idea.
. Ullambana (S). All Soul's Day. Also , Cứu .
. Ullambana-sùtra (S)
. Wou-ti (C)
. Dignàga, Dinnàga (S). Name of person. Also , Đồng Thụ.
. Mrgadàva, Rsivadana, Sàranganàtha (S). Deer Park. Also , .
Vương. Ràjà (S). King, prince, royal; to rule.
. The king of samàdhis, the highest degree of samàdhi, the .
. Ràjagrha (S). King Bìmbìsara is said to have removed his capital here from Kusàgrapura. Actual Ràjgir.